Components Of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (International Red Cross) comprises 190 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies worldwide, the Geneva-based International Committee of the Red Cross (the ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (the Federation).  The National Societies, the ICRC and the Federation are independent bodies - each has its own status and exercises no authority over the others.

National Red Cross and
Red Crescent Societies
International Committee of the
Red Cross (the ICRC)
International Federation of
Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (the Federation)

National Red Cross

ICRC
The Federation
There are now 190 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies around the world.  These National Societies provide a spectrum of service from disaster relief and preparedness, health to youth and community programmes according to local needs.

All National Societies must first be recognized by the ICRC, on the basis of fulfilling a set of conditions for recognition, in order to become members of the Movement.  Subsequently, they can become members of the Federation, the National Societies' umbrella organization.
The ICRC, created in 1863, is the founding body of the Movement.  It acts to protect and assist victims of international and internal armed conflicts. 

The specific official responsibilities of the ICRC as stipulated in the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols include the unique mandate of monitoring the treatment of prisoners of war and the right to initiate humanitarian assistance which are well recognized by the international community.
The Federation, founded in 1919, directs and coordinates international assistance from its member National Societies to help victims of natural disasters or health emergencies and refugees. 

It promotes cooperation among National Societies and works to strengthen their capacity. 

It also acts as the official representative of its member National Societies in the international arena.

 

Copyright © 2009 Hong Kong Red Cross | All Rights Reserved